In response to the clashes, Saudi government officials have been negotiating the withdrawal of the Riyadh agreement since late May. The resulting plan is not a new agreement, but a mechanism for facilitating and ordering the first implementation of the initial agreement. The Riyadh Agreement gives the Saudi-led coalition ample space to intervene in Yemen through the clause that stipulates “forming a committee under the supervision of the Coalition to Support Legitimacy in Yemen, led by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, tasked with monitoring, monitoring executioning and implementing the provisions of this agreement and its appendages.” The committee is known as the Saudi Coordination and Liaison Team. In addition, the agreement called for the formation of a new government representing North and South Yemen, provided that the share of STCs supported by the United Arab Emirates be four portfolios in a government of 24 ministers, in exchange for the abandonment of the autonomous administration it had announced on 26 April. It is the fourth government since the start of the war in Yemen in March 2015.STC Vice President Hani Ben Brik said on Twitter that the suspension of negotiations by the STC was necessary to protest against the “irresponsible behaviour of the parties” towards the Riyadh agreement. CAIRO (Reuters) – Separatists in southern Yemen have suspended their participation in consultations on a power-sharing agreement in the south known as the Riyadh Agreement, according to a statement from the Southern Transitional Council (STC) on Tuesday. Opponents of the STC often reduce the group to a mere deputy from the United Arab Emirates, which continue to fund and support some of their political operations, but this does not allude to the public support that the STC has in its communities. The Hadi government and loyalists continue to ignore protests in the southern region in support of the STC and overplay those who support Hadi. Much of this propaganda undermines the prospects of a genuine implementation of an agreement.
Moreover, the update of the STC does not bode well for Yemen, as it deepens political marginalization. In addition, the Hadi government cannot request the demilitarization of STC-allied forces because it is unable to protect the South from Houthi military incursions. Clashes persist with Houthi forces in Dhala and the Houthis have conducted drone strikes against targets in the South. Moreover, the lack of political representation and economic abuse, despite an abundance of resources in the South, is one of the STC`s biggest problems. The lack of understanding of the marginalization that affected the South after unification with the North in 1990 and the exploitation and repression that followed after the 1994 civil war widened the gap between communities and constituted a major mobilization for the cause of the South. It considers that “the implementation of the Riyadh agreement has become an inevitable necessity for both sides, and the remaining deadline for its implementation, in accordance with the mechanism announced on 29 July, will reveal the seriousness of the STC in the implementation of the security and military part of the agreement. Meanwhile, several complications hinder the implementation of the Riyadh agreement, in addition to its rejection by some southern forces, in particular what was declared by the Supreme Council of the South American Movement, which rejected the agreement “as a whole” on 2 August, suggesting protests to defend the demand for separation and restoration of the South Yemeni state. Al Jazeera looks below at some of the key features of the agreement.
Forces heading towards Aden, Abyan and Shabwa, the site of deadly clashes between government forces and the STC, are expected to return to their original positions as part of the agreement. When the initial agreement was signed in November, observers feared that its vague language would complicate implementation, and these fears were quickly identified.